Decarbonising the heating sector, 50% of our energy consumption, is unequivocally a major challenge for all EU countries. However, it also offers great opportunities to support local industries, create local jobs, improve air quality and reduce energy dependency by using local sources of renewable heat.
Just like ocean, geothermal, bioenergy, CSP, wind and PV technologies offer decarbonisation solutions in the electricity sector, efficient biomass, geothermal, solar thermal, air-source, hydrothermal, and geothermal heat pumps are energy sources and technologies that offer solutions to decarbonising the heating and cooling (H&C) sector by providing direct renewable thermal energy.
With the ultimate objective of completely replacing the use of fossil fuels in the H&C sector (responsible for 38% of CO2 emissions today), different solutions exist: energy efficiency, renewable sources of heating or electricity.
This paper highlights the benefits of direct local and renewable heating energy.